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Abstract

This paper considers challenges resulting from the use of advanced artificial judicial intelligence (AAJI). We argue that these challenges should be considered through the lens of value alignment. Instead of discussing why specific goals and values, such as fairness or nondiscrimination, ought to be implemented, we consider the question of how AAJI can be aligned with those goals and values to reliably replace humans. This value alignment framing draws on AI safety literature to introduce two otherwise neglected considerations for AAJI safety: specification and assurance. We outline diverse research directions, and suggest the adoption of specific assurance and specification mechanisms as the use of AI in the judiciary progresses.